10 Early Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer's

·5 min read

Memory loss that disrupts daily life may be a symptom of Alzheimer's or other dementia. Alzheimer's is a brain disease that causes a slow decline in memory, thinking and reasoning skills. There are 10 warning signs and symptoms. If you notice any of them, don't ignore them. Schedule an appointment with your doctor. Read on—and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You Have "Long" COVID and Don't Know It.

1

Memory loss that disrupts daily life

memory exercises
memory exercises

One of the most common signs of Alzheimer's disease, especially in the early stage, is forgetting recently learned information. Others include forgetting important dates or events, asking for the same questions over and over, and increasingly needing to rely on memory aids (e.g., reminder notes or electronic devices) or family members for things they used to handle on their own.

What's a typical age-related change?

Sometimes forgetting names or appointments, but remembering them later.

2

Challenges in planning or solving problems

or woman with papers or bills and calculator writing at home
or woman with papers or bills and calculator writing at home

Some people living with dementia may experience changes in their ability to develop and follow a plan or work with numbers. They may have trouble following a familiar recipe or keeping track of monthly bills. They may have difficulty concentrating and take much longer to do things than they did before.

What's a typical age-related change?

Making occasional errors when managing finances or household bills.

3

Difficulty completing familiar tasks

Senior Hispanic Man Suffering With Dementia Trying To Dress
Senior Hispanic Man Suffering With Dementia Trying To Dress

People with Alzheimer's often find it hard to complete daily tasks. Sometimes they may have trouble driving to a familiar location, organizing a grocery list or remembering the rules of a favorite game.

What's a typical age-related change?

Occasionally needing help to use microwave settings or to record a TV show.

4

Confusion with time or place

Contemplating Asian aged woman looking out of the window
Contemplating Asian aged woman looking out of the window

People living with Alzheimer's can lose track of dates, seasons and the passage of time. They may have trouble understanding something if it is not happening immediately. Sometimes they may forget where they are or how they got there.

What's a typical age-related change?

Getting confused about the day of the week but figuring it out later.

5

Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships

Sight of old woman verifying by apparatus
Sight of old woman verifying by apparatus

For some people, having vision problems is a sign of Alzheimer's. This may lead to difficulty with balance or trouble reading. They may also have problems judging distance and determining color or contrast, causing issues with driving.

What's a typical age-related change?

Vision changes related to cataracts.

6

New problems with words in speaking or writing

Close-up portrait of charming old lady, covering her mouth with hands
Close-up portrait of charming old lady, covering her mouth with hands

People living with Alzheimer's may have trouble following or joining a conversation. They may stop in the middle of a conversation and have no idea how to continue or they may repeat themselves. They may struggle with vocabulary, have trouble naming a familiar object or use the wrong name (e.g., calling a "watch" a "hand-clock").

What's a typical age-related change?

Sometimes having trouble finding the right word.

7

Misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace steps

Senior woman feels pain in head
Senior woman feels pain in head

A person living with Alzheimer's disease may put things in unusual places. They may lose things and be unable to go back over their steps to find them again. He or she may accuse others of stealing, especially as the disease progresses.

What's a typical age-related change?

Misplacing things from time to time and retracing steps to find them.

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8

Decreased or poor judgment

Surprised senior mature woman counting bills at home.
Surprised senior mature woman counting bills at home.

Individuals may experience changes in judgment or decision-making. For example, they may use poor judgment when dealing with money or pay less attention to grooming or keeping themselves clean.

What's a typical age-related change?

Making a bad decision or mistake once in a while, like neglecting to change the oil in the car.

9

Withdrawal from work or social activities

Tired senior hispanic man sleeping on dark blue couch, taking afternoon nap at the living room
Tired senior hispanic man sleeping on dark blue couch, taking afternoon nap at the living room

A person living with Alzheimer's disease may experience changes in the ability to hold or follow a conversation. As a result, he or she may withdraw from hobbies, social activities or other engagements. They may have trouble

keeping up with a favorite team or activity.

What's a typical age-related change?

Sometimes feeling uninterested in family or social obligations.

RELATED: 5 Ways to Prevent Dementia, Says Dr. Sanjay Gupta

10

Changes in mood and personality

senior African American man sitting on white sofa in light room in beach house
senior African American man sitting on white sofa in light room in beach house

Individuals living with Alzheimer's may experience mood and personality changes. They can become confused, suspicious, depressed, fearful or anxious. They may be easily upset at home, with friends or when out of their comfort zone.

What's a typical age-related change?

Developing very specific ways of doing things and becoming irritable when a routine is disrupted.

11

Get checked. Early Detection Matters.

Health visitor and a senior man during home visit
Health visitor and a senior man during home visit

If you notice one or more signs in yourself or another person, it can be difficult to know what to do. It's natural to feel uncertain or nervous about discussing these changes with others. Voicing worries about your own health might make them seem more "real." Or, you may fear upsetting someone by sharing observations about changes in his or her abilities or behavior. However, these are significant health concerns that should be evaluated by a doctor, and it's important to take action to figure out what's going on. And to protect your health, don't miss these Signs You're Getting One of the "Most Deadly" Cancers.

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