Chinese tech giants have drawn international criticism after research showed they have technologies that enable the authorities to profile Muslim Uyghurs.
The cloud computing unit of Alibaba, Alibaba Cloud, developed a facial recognition algorithm that can identify a person's ethnicity or whether a person is "Uyghur", according to research from surveillance industry publication IPVM.
China has repeatedly defended its controversial "vocational training programs" imposed upon its Muslim ethnic minorities, including Uyghurs, Kazakhs and others, as part of what the government calls counterterrorism efforts.
Alibaba said in a statement that it is "dismayed" to learn that Alibaba Cloud tested a technology that included "ethnicity as an algorithm" and that "racial or ethnic discrimination or profiling in any form violates Alibaba’s policies and values."
"We never intended our technology to be used for and will not permit it to be used for targeting specific ethnic groups, and we have eliminated any ethnic tag in our product offering. This trial technology was not deployed by any customer. We do not and will not permit our technology to be used to target or identify specific ethnic groups," the company added.
A security breach from last year revealed that a "smart city" surveillance system hosted on Alibaba Cloud could detect people's ethnicity or label them Uyghur Muslim, TechCrunch reported earlier. At the time, Alibaba said as a public cloud provider, it "does not have the right to access the content in the customer database."
IPVM also found earlier this month that Huawei and artificial intelligence unicorn Megvii, known for its facial recognition product Face++, jointly developed a technology that could alert the Chinese government when the system detected the face of a member from the Uyghur community.
As China's tech upstarts seek overseas growth, they increasingly find themselves stuck between the demands of Beijing and international scrutiny over their stance on human rights issues.
Cloud computing is one of Alibaba's fastest-growing segments and the giant is eyeing to attract more international customers. Last year, Alibaba Cloud was the biggest player in the Asia Pacific region and the third-largest infrastructure as a service (IaaS) provider globally, according to research firm Gartner.
Alibaba's cloud unit grew 60% year-over-year to account for nearly 10% of the firm's revenues in the three months ended September. As of the quarter, approximately 60% of A-share listed companies, those that are based in mainland China and trade in RMB, are customers of Alibaba Cloud, the company claimed.