A group of four hospital workers got a treat of a lifetime this year when they found out they had won big at the 6/49 British Columbia lottery.
Video by Shibani Gokhale
A group of four hospital workers got a treat of a lifetime this year when they found out they had won big at the 6/49 British Columbia lottery.
Video by Shibani Gokhale
The United States just set a harrowing new record: two million new coronavirus virus cases in two weeks. Hospitals are overflowing. Fatalities are rising, with Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's leading infectious disease expert, predicting a "stunning amount of deaths." And one state has it worst of all. "North Dakota continues to have the country's worst outbreak when adjusted for population, a position it has maintained since early September. Almost one in 10 North Dakotans have tested positive for the virus since the outbreak began, a vast majority in the last two months," reports the New York Times. Read on to hear how bad things are there, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.The Governor Said Medical Workers "Need Our Help"Said the Governor's office earlier this month in a statement:Gov. Doug Burgum tonight announced several mitigation measures aimed at slowing the accelerating spread of COVID-19 in North Dakota in order to protect the vulnerable, ensure hospital capacity and keep schools and the economy open.Capacity is strained across the state's health care system, jeopardizing the ability of hospitals to provide the first-rate treatment North Dakotans are accustomed to – not only for COVID-19 patients, but also for those seeking care for heart attacks, cancer, trauma and other urgent needs, Burgum noted."Our doctors and nurses heroically working on the front lines need our help, and they need it now. Since the beginning, we've taken a data-driven approach to our pandemic response, focusing on saving lives and livelihoods. Right now, the data demands a higher level of mitigation efforts to reverse these dangerous trends, to slow the spread of this virus and to avoid the need for economic shutdowns," Burgum said in a video message announcing the measures. "Our situation has changed, and we must change with it. Tonight, we're announcing four measures designed to reduce the spread of infections in our communities to protect our most vulnerable and to ensure hospital capacity."The measures include a State Health Officer order requiring face coverings to be worn in indoor businesses and indoor public settings as well as outdoor public settings where physical distancing isn't possible. The order, signed by interim State Health Officer Dirk Wilke, is effective from Nov. 14 through Dec. 13. It includes exceptions for children under age 5, individuals with a medical or mental health condition or disability that makes it unreasonable to wear a mask, and religious services.RELATED: COVID Symptoms Usually Appear in This Order, Study FindsCases May Be Leveling Off, But Only SlightlyDespite the perilous situation, the Times reports that as well as in other parts of the Upper Midwest and Mountain West that drove the initial fall surge have leveled off slightly, while cases are growing on both coasts and in the South and Southwest. Nearly 2,000 counties across the United States are now recording their worst month in November — nearly five times as many as in October." RELATED: 7 Side Effects of Wearing a Face MaskHow to Survive the PandemicNo matter where you live, follow Dr. Fauci's fundamentals to protect yourself, your loved one and your fellow humans:Universal wearing of masks.Maintaining physical distance.Avoiding congregate settings or crowds.Doing more outdoors, as opposed to indoors.Washing hands frequently.Avoiding travel during this Thanksgiving holiday, as recommended by the CDC, or doing a risk assessment, per Fauci: Ask yourself who am I putting in danger of death and is it worth it? And to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch Coronavirus.
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Eating Myself review – an audacious cooking lesson that serves the host for dinner. Available onlineIn an intimate and often traumatic one-woman performance, Pepa Duarte explores her hostile relationship with cravings, calorie-counting and identity, as a bean soup bubbles on the stove
Staff at Jordan Peterson's publisher protest new book plansPenguin Random House Canada’s plans to publish a new work by the ‘professor against political correctness’ has reportedly prompted numerous complaints
Charles also revealed he refused the show permission to film at his ancestral home.
These pots and pans are a must-have kitchen staple.From Good Housekeeping
This is the secret to getting holiday gifting right.
"Joe plays piano beautifully."
British Library apologises for linking Ted Hughes to slave tradeThe poet had been wrongly included among more than 300 figures whose collections were associated with wealth obtained from colonial violence
When should you have a COVID test? Today? Tomorrow? Or should you have had one last week? As a doctor, even I agree it all seems very confusing right now. Just remember that 80% of people with COVID-19 infection have very mild, or no symptoms at all. Plus, infected people are most infectious in the few days before they develop symptoms. This is how the virus is spreading in the community. Each person could have the infection and have no idea they have it. The virus is truly a sneaky blighter! Read on to find out when you should take a test, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 Benefits of Being Tested Why get tested at all? If you know you have COVID-19, you can take steps to care properly for yourself, quarantine, prevent the spread to your friends and family, and do your bit for your community and your country. Being tested, getting prompt results, and following the correct advice about your test results, is a game-changer in controlling the spread of the virus. Do it right—and the virus is stopped in its tracks. Get it wrong—and worst-case scenario, you, or someone close to you, could die.Dr. Eduardo Sanchez, CMO for the American Heart Association, wrote a very persuasive blog post about the importance of COVID testing. This is the only way to detect cases early and allow people to them quarantine to prevent them from spreading the virus to other people. It's also important for public health teams to know the levels of virus in the community to be able to plan and take action to help others. 2 When Should You Get Tested? Here's the problem—it's clearly impossible to test everyone, all the time.Here's the solution —you need to recognize if you've been at risk. Once you know these situations, you know when to go and get a COVID test. Even if you don't have symptoms, if you have been or find yourself, in a high-risk situation, you should be tested for COVID, as a precaution. Read on and see. Below is a list of situations that mean you should have a COVID test.(Take note that by having a COVID test, I mean having an antigen test, which tests for the presence or absence of the virus at the point in time that the test is taken. This is different from an antibody test, which is looking for an antibody response to say whether you have had the infection in the past.) 3 Have a COVID Test if You Have Symptoms Have you recently developed a fever or started coughing? These are the most common symptoms of COVID infection, often linked with extreme tiredness. Other less common COVID symptoms include headaches, muscle pains, sore throat, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, a loss of sense of taste or smell, and a skin rash, or discolored areas on your fingers and toes—a.k.a. "COVID toes."If you have acute severe COVID, you are likely to feel very unwell, you may have chest pain, and breathlessness. If this is the case, you must not wait for a COVID test but get urgent help immediately. 4 Have a COVID Test if You Have Been in Close Contact With Anyone That Has Recently Tested Positive You should be tested if you have been in close contact with anyone who has recently tested COVID positive. "Close contact" means if you were within six feet of anyone who has recently tested positive, for 15-minutes or more—even if you were wearing a mask.While you are waiting for the COVID test results, you need to quarantine. This means staying at home for 14 days since you last had contact with the infected person. You should be tested as soon as you realize this has happened, however, a negative test a few days into your quarantine period does not guarantee you are not infected. You should continue to quarantine until the full 14 days are over and retest at any point if you develop symptoms or feel unwell. If you live with someone who has tested positive, the infected person needs to isolate as far as is possible. They should stay in their own bedroom, use their own bathroom where possible and be brought food to their bedroom rather than share the use of the kitchen.Your own quarantine period may be even longer than theirs if you live with the infected person, and you cannot avoid close contact. In this case, you yourself, should continue to quarantine until 14 days after the other person has met the criteria to end their isolation.When to quarantine is clearly laid out on the CDC website.It's a shock to find out you may have been in contact with COVID and must stay at home for 14 days – or even longer. And expensive, if you lose 2 weeks or more wages. The message just has to be that right now, your best chances are to stay home when you can and stay safe. Avoid any unnecessary journeys, visits, or meetings. Please, please wear a mask! Wash your hands and keep your distance at all times. 5 Have a COVID Test if You Do This For a Job If when you are doing your job, you are in close contact with the public or working for example, in a medical setting where virus numbers are likely to be high, or you are simply exposed every day to large numbers of people—get a COVID test, even if you have no symptoms. These jobs include:Health workers, in any medical or surgical settingsElderly care workers or caring for anyone with a disabilityWorkers within the emergency servicesWorkers within adult or child protection servicesWorkers in a correctional unit, or prison serviceWorkers with the terminally ill, or dying, or in a hospiceFirst responders—Police, paramedics, and fire-fightersLaw enforcement officers—Police, investigators, inspectors, transport police etc …If you live or work in a long-term care facilityOther jobs which mean frequent contact with the public and are vital for our infrastructure are also on the list. You should have a COVID test if you work inRetail or manufacturingThe agricultural sector, or in food productionPublic transportEducationUtilitiesTruck driving/delivery driverVets and those working in the animal care industryThese lists are not exhaustive. Use your common sense and if you are working in any crowded, face-to-face, or risky environment, go and get a test. 6 Have a COVID Test Before Any Hospital Admission, Procedure, or Operation – or After Discharge This should be done as close as possible to the date of the admission/procedure—usually about 3 days before. You should know the result is negative before you arrive on the premises. After discharge, it is sensible to be tested, to ensure you did not pick up more in hospital than you intended.RELATED: 7 Side Effects of Wearing a Face Mask 7 Have a COVID Test if You Attended a Major Event If you attended any events where there large crowds of people, consider having a test, for example, a mass rally or a large sporting event. These are well known to be "super-spreader" events.The BBC reported in September in the UK, that 300 fans had recently tested positive after attending a charity soccer match in Burnside, in the North East of England. Everyone who attended the match was then asked to quarantine for 14 days.The most famous super spreader event was the White House Rose Garden event on 26h September, at which 14 people became infected.Twenty-eight members in total of the White House administration have now been infected. If you have attended any large events in the past 14 days, even if you followed all the rules on hygiene, social distancing and mask-wearing, you should have a COVID test. 8 Consider Having a COVID Test if You Are Vulnerable Are you having chemotherapy? On steroids? Taking anti-rejection drugs? Do you have any chronic medical conditions which make you more susceptible to COVID or have a weakened immune system? Or you might be vulnerable for example if you are homeless, or living in poverty, or in crowded conditions. In these situations, you should have a low threshold for getting tested. If you become infected, you are also a higher risk for a poor outcome. 9 Get Tested After Higher Risk Travel Travelling is a higher risk activity for COVID-19 because it means visiting the airport, mixing with crowds, standing in queues, breathing filtered air, and sitting close to others on the aircraft. You may also have visited an area where the rate of COVID infection is high. There is a risk you could become infected and bring the virus home with you.The CDC recommends you have a COVID test if you have been travelling and have been involved in 'higher risk activities'. This should be taken 3-5 days after you arrive home, and you stay should at home for 7 days after your return. Even if the test is negative, you should still stay at home for 7 days. If you don't have a COVID test, you should stay at home for 14 days.Higher risk activities are listed as –Any travel from a country, or a US territory, the CDC has given a level 2,3, or 3 travel- health warning.If you attended a mass gathering such as a wedding, a large party, or a funeral, or a large sporting event.If you visited, bars, clubs, restaurants, and entertainment venues such as night clubs, movie theatres or cinemas.If you used public transport.If you were travelling on a ship or taking a cruise. 10 How to Get a COVID Test You can visit your state and territorial websites here.RELATED: COVID Symptoms Usually Appear in This Order, Study Finds 11 Final Thoughts From the Doctor Don't think that just because a vaccine is on its way, we can forget any of this. It will be many months before the vaccine has been distributed and the effects are seen. If we don't follow the rules, many more people will become infected and very sadly, some of these will die or suffer the misery of "long COVID"—a post-COVID Syndrome that can ruin your life, which can affect up to 30% of people who get COVID.It sounds repetitive, and I remind myself of it every day—wear a mask, wash your hands, and keep your distance. We can also add to that list, and get tested! My mask is in a plastic bag in my coat pocket, my hand gel sits in a pot beside the front door, and another tube lives in my shoulder bag. Plus, on my phone are the details of my nearest testing center.Remain suspicious of the virus—and don't let that sneaky blighter slip pass undetected!Is it time you had a COVID test?Dr. Deborah Lee is a medical writer for Dr Fox Online Pharmacy.
With the presidential transition underway, President-elect Joe Biden said his team has talked to Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's top infectious disease doctor and the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Fauci has been the leading voice on how to handle the pandemic, at his organization and in public appearances. "He's been very, very helpful," said Biden. Now, for the first time, Fauci has described his conversation with the Biden team. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.Dr. Fauci Said He "Touched Base" With the Chief of StaffDr. Anthony Fauci revealed to C-SPAN that he has been in touch with the Biden administration. Fauci said he hasn't spoken to Biden directly but said "I've touched bases with Chief of Staff Ron Klain. We didn't have, like, a real substantive conversation about the nuts and bolts of things. We just wanted to touch base in preparation for soon. Obviously we'll be getting the transition team and the task force, hopefully, to kind of give them the information that would make their assuming the responsibilities easier and more efficient. So I have touched bases with Ron Klain."Asked if he would serve on a Biden administration coronavirus task force, Fauci answered, "Of course. Yeah. The answer is absolutely."Fauci went on to comment that he didn't want to get too deep into what he's anticipating from the Biden administration specifically on the idea of testing and tracing."Yeah, you know, I don't really want to get ahead of them," he said. "They will have their agenda. We will discuss it together. I certainly would give them recommendations and benefit from the experience that I've had over the last, almost a full year, but I don't want to get ahead of them and sort of make announcements of what they should do. We really need to sit down and talk together and then we'll come out with that."RELATED: COVID Symptoms Usually Appear in This Order, Study FindsBiden Calls the Pandemic "One of the Most Important Battles"Biden has previously put together an advisory board that includes Dr. Vivek H. Murthy, who was the 19th Surgeon General of the United States; Rick Bright, a onetime Health and Human Services; and Dr. Atul Gawande, MD, MPH. Fauci wasn't named on the board because it would have been "inappropriate," experts said, given that he was still on President Trump's task force, and the transition hadn't started yet."Dealing with the coronavirus pandemic is one of the most important battles our administration will face, and I will be informed by science and by experts," said President-elect Biden duing his panel announcement. "The advisory board will help shape my approach to managing the surge in reported infections; ensuring vaccines are safe, effective, and distributed efficiently, equitably, and free; and protecting at-risk populations."RELATED: Dr. Fauci Says Most People Did This Before Catching COVIDHow to Survive the PandemicFollow Dr. Fauci's fundamentals to protect yourself, your loved one and your fellow humans:Universal wearing of masks.Maintaining physical distance.Avoiding congregate settings or crowds.Doing more outdoors, as opposed to indoors.Washing hands frequently.Avoiding travel during this Thanksgiving holiday, as recommended by the CDC, or doing a risk assessment, per Fauci: Ask yourself who am I putting in danger of death and is it worth it? And to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch Coronavirus.
As coronavirus cases and hospitalizations rise, you might be asking yourself, will it happen to me? The terrifying answer is, maybe. The unpredictability of COVID-19 can be frightening. Some people have zero symptoms. Others—even once-healthy people—are debilitated nearly a year later, felled by Post-COVID Syndrome. Although every case is different, there are some sudden symptoms to be aware of, so you can sound the alarm and seek help when the time is right. Read on to discover seven sudden COVID symptoms that can strike anytime, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 Sudden Hearing Loss There have been cases of sudden hearing loss in people with COVID. "A 45-year-old patient with asthma presented to our otolaryngology department following a week of hearing loss while in hospital for the treatment of COVID-19," said one study in BMJ Journals. "He noticed left-sided tinnitus and sudden onset hearing loss. He had no previous history of hearing loss or ear pathology." In a June 2020 report, several Iranian patients also reported hearing loss and vertigo. 2 Sudden Cardiac Event "COVID-19 can cause cardiovascular disorders, including myocardial injury, arrhythmias, acute coronary syndrome and venous thromboembolism," reports a study in Nature Reviews Cardiology. These heart issues can be sudden and are often related to blood clots, which you'll hear more about in a second. 3 Sudden Stroke The scary part about strokes and coronavirus is that the strokes can happen fast—and they are happening to anyone, even younger people. One "man was among several recent stroke patients in their 30s to 40s who were all infected with the coronavirus. The median age for that type of severe stroke is 74," reports the Washington Post. "A stroke, which is a sudden interruption of the blood supply, is a complex problem with numerous causes and presentations. It can be caused by heart problems, clogged arteries due to cholesterol, even substance abuse." 4 Sudden Blood Clots Blood clots can lead to strokes and cardiac events, and, in some cases, you'd be dead before you know why. Alarmingly, they are being seen in people who were quite healthy before COVID-19, like Cody Garbrandt, the 29-year-old UFC fighter. He caught COVID in August and "since then I have been battling vertigo, tore my vein in my bicep which resulted in finding out I have blood clots, pneumonia, and mental fog, these are the symptoms I've had and been dealing with and this is the reason" he pulled out of a scheduled fight. 5 Sudden Fever It's possible to have mild COVID-19 symptoms that worsen rapidly. Of these, a fever is the most common. "87.9% of people with positive laboratory COVID tests report having a fever," says Dr. Deborah Lee. "Normal body temperature is 98.6°F. Your temperature is considered raised if it is above that. In a COVID infection, the fever is usually 100°C or above." As to why this is so common? "Fever occurs because your body recognizes there is a foreign organism on board. The temperature rises because your body is making the environment hostile to the virus so it cannot survive and multiply."RELATED: COVID Symptoms Usually Appear in This Order, Study Finds 6 New and Sudden Loss of Smell Anosmia—a new and sudden loss of smell—can be a telltale sign of COVID-19 because it's so tied to viruses. "With swelling and inflammation from a viral infection, particles of air that carry smell can't get to the top of the inner nose," says Dr. Sreekrishna K. Donepudi, an otolaryngologist with Memorial Hermann Medical Group Sugar Land Multi-Specialty. "That's where the olfactory nerve lives. Sometimes, the virus attacks the nerve, causing permanent damage and a permanent loss of smell." This can last for days, weeks or—for some—many months. 7 New and Sudden Loss of Taste Since taste and smell are interlinked, it makes sense that you might lose your availability to taste, too. "In some cases, this is permanent, but in other cases, the neurons can regenerate. That's likely what determines which patients recover. In COVID-19, we believe smell loss is so prevalent because the receptors for COVID-19 that are expressed in human tissue are most commonly expressed in the nasal cavity and in the supporting cells of the olfactory tissue. These supporting cells surround the smell neurons and allow them to survive," reports Vanderbilt University Medical Center. If you experience this or any of the symptoms mentioned here, contact a medical professional, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch Coronavirus.
♩ Dark jeans and your Nikes, look at you; oh damn, never seen that color blue. ♩
"I knew, as I clutched my firstborn child, that I was losing my second."
In a moving article for The New York Times, the Duchess of Sussex reveals she suffered a miscarriage in July.
"Losing a child means carrying an almost unbearable grief, experienced by many but talked about by few.," she writes.
With two COVID vaccine candidates proven effective in trails, distribution of the shots is ramping up, which may leave you wondering, when can I get mine? Robert Redfield, Director of the CDC, discussed just that on Fox News, projecting the vaccine would be rolled out "by the end of the second week of December" and mentioning who would get it first. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.Those in Nursing Homes, and Others, Will Get the Vaccine First"First it's exceptional that we have these vaccines and it's very exciting," said Redfield. "And again, it just reinforces why I want people to be vigilant because we're turning the corner." He said the vaccine would be rolled out "probably by the end of the second week of December, initially in a hierarchical way—to nursing home residents, and then some combination of healthcare providers and individuals at high risk for a poor outcome. And those decisions are in the process of being finalized as we speak."The Country Club Village Retirement Community in Hot Springs, Arkansas, for example, is already on the CDC's list, according to local news station KARK4."As all of these pieces come together, we want to try to give Americans the best sense of when our most vulnerable will start receiving vaccines," Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar said during a briefing Tuesday. "We believe we can distribute vaccines to all 64 jurisdictions within 24 hours of FDA authorization. Then, we hope administration can begin as soon as the product arrives. One of the private sector partners we've enlisted, CVS Health, has said that they expect to be vaccinating residents in nursing homes, one of the top priority groups, within 48 hours after FDA authorization," he added. RELATED: COVID Symptoms Usually Appear in This Order, Study FindsThe CDC Decides Who Get the Vaccine and WhenDr. Anthony Fauci, the nation's leading infectious disease expert and Director of the National Institutes of Health, laid out the timeline a bit more during an interview with Andrea Mitchell of MSNBC. "By the time we get into December, we'll be able to have doses available for people who are judged to be at the highest priority," Fauci said. In another interview with PBS, Fauci revealed that those "higher priority groups" would be determined "according to the recommendation of the CDC." Per the CDC in addition to age, there are a number of underlying medical conditions that would deem an adult of any age to be at an increased risk for severe illness from the virus that causes COVID-19. These include cancer, chronic kidney disease, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), heart conditions, such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, or cardiomyopathies, immunocompromised state (weakened immune system) from solid organ transplant, obesity (body mass index [BMI] of 30 kg/m2 or higher but < 40 kg/m2), severe obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2), pregnancy, sickle cell disease, smoking, and type 2 diabetes mellitus.According to the AP, an expert panel advising the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is also considering giving high priority to workers in essential industries."Once a vaccine gets a green light from the Food and Drug Administration, the panel will look at clinical trial data on side effects and how people of various ages, ethnicities and health statuses responded. That will determine the panel's recommendations to the CDC on how to prioritize shots," they explain. "I do think we'll have about 40 million doses of vaccine before the end of the first year of the year, that's enough to vaccinate 20 million people," said Redfield, "but then it will continue through January and February. And hopefully by March, we'll start to see the vaccine available for the general public."RELATED: 7 Side Effects of Wearing a Face MaskThe CDC Chief Says "We Still Need to be Vigilant"Until the vaccine is available, Redfield implored that we all double down on safety measures. "Clearly right now you can see the surge that we're seeing in new cases, unfortunately, in hospitalizations and deaths. And I just try to remind the American public that we're not defenseless against this," he said. "We have powerful tools that we now know they work —wearing a mask. That works. Social distancing. Hand-washing. Being smart about crowds. Really trying to be careful about what we do in indoor settings. These things really do work and they can really blunt this current surge that we're having right now.""Hope is on the way with the vaccine," he continues, "but over the next two, four, six, eight, 10, 12 weeks for many Americans, we still need to really be vigilant about these mitigation steps and stop the debate about whether they work or not. There's clear evidence that you, for example, that masks do work and protect individuals from both becoming infected as well as potentially infecting others." So wear your mask, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
Almost 100,000 Crock-Pots sold at retailers like Walmart, Target, Amazon, and others are being recalled because of a burn risk, according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). The 6-Quart Express Crock Multi-Cookers can pressurize when the lid is not locked, causing it to suddenly detach and eject food and liquids.There have been 119 reports of the lid detaching, as well as 99 first-degree to third-degree burn injuries from the malfunction. The Crock-Pot recall involves 914,430 units sold in the U.S. and 28,330 in Canada at major retailers between July 2017 and November 2020 with a price of $70 to $100. They were originally manufactured between July 1, 2017, and October 1, 2018 in China by Sunbeam Products Inc.Related: The 7 Healthiest Foods to Eat Right NowThe recall notice advises consumers to stop using the Crock-Pot in pressure cooker mode to reduce the risk of an injury. Slow cooking and sautéing are fine and shouldn't pose any risks. "Consumers should contact Crock-Pot immediately to obtain a free replacement lid," the CPSC's recall announcement says. "Consumers who continue using the multi-cooker in pressure cooker mode while waiting for the replacement lid should be certain the lid is securely turned to the fully locked position by aligning the arrow on the lid with the lock symbol on the base."The model number on the bottom of the recalled Crock-Pot is SCCPPC600-V1. Date codes include K196JN through K365JN and L001JN through L273JN. This can be found on one of the electrical plug prongs and on the bottom of the Crock-Pot's base.To stay up-to-date on all recalls, sign up for our daily email newsletter!
Along with news that three coronavirus vaccine candidates have proven to be highly effective in clinical trials has come anxiety, for some, about the safety of such a quickly developed therapy. After all, it's been less than a year since the first cases of COVID-19 were identified, sparking a global pandemic. The nation's top infectious disease expert, Dr. Anthony Fauci, has emphasized that any vaccines released to the public will be safe: Their clinical trial results must be analyzed and approved by an independent review board before they gain approval from the Food&Drug Administration. That said, the anti-COVID shots may have side effects, as Fauci detailed in an online Q&A Tuesday night. Read on to find out what they are, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 Immediate Side Effects If you've received a vaccine in the past, you've probably experienced a common immediate side effect. "Mainly you get injected and you get a sore arm," said Fauci. "Some people get an ache. Some people feel poorly for a day, get a fever that goes away almost invariably in 24 hours." Some study participants reportedly got migraines, fever and nausea. 2 Intermediate Side Effects "Then there's the intermediate something that might happen a week or two or three later," said Fauci. "That's what we're looking at in the clinical trial. And we have not seen any severe adverse events that we could relate to the vaccine thus far." 3 Longer-Term Side Effects "When you look at the history of vaccinology, about 90-plus percent of events that are severe occur between 30 and 45 days following the vaccination," said Fauci. "And for that reason, before the FDA will apply for an emergency use authorization, they will wait 60 days from the time the person [in the clinical trial] got the last dose." RELATED: COVID Symptoms Usually Appear in This Order, Study Finds 4 Why the Vaccine Will Be Safe "They're not even going to be looking at giving the vaccine to anyone until you have a 60-day period where there were no adverse events," said Fauci. "Safety is a very important issue."He noted that every medical intervention carries a risk of side effects or adverse events. "But when you look at the hundreds and hundreds of millions of people who've been vaccinated, the long-term adverse events have been less than minuscule in the big picture of the protection that you get from a vaccine.""I plead with you," said Fauci, "that … the community that we all live in can do something about this. If we abide by the public health measures and get vaccinated, don't deprive yourself of the advantage of an extraordinarily important advance in science by not getting vaccinated. Protect yourselves, your family, and your community." 5 How to Stay Healthy Now As for yourself, do everything you can to prevent getting—and spreading—COVID-19 in the first place: Wear a face mask, get tested if you think you have coronavirus, avoid crowds (and bars, and house parties), practice social distancing, only run essential errands, wash your hands regularly, disinfect frequently touched surfaces, and to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.