UK lockdown savings could unleash £50bn in consumer spending

Lucy Harley-McKeown
·3 min read
A quiet high street in Guildford during England's third national lockdown to curb the spread of coronavirus. Photo: Adam Davy/PA via Getty Images
A quiet high street in Guildford during England's third national lockdown to curb the spread of coronavirus. Photo: Adam Davy/PA via Getty Images

A release of lockdown savings built up by households over the past 12 months is set to lead to an increase of more than £50bn ($69.2bn) in consumer spending this year.

According to a study by financial mutual Scottish Friendly and the Centre for Economics and Business Research (CEBR), nearly half (46%) of Brits have seen their cash savings increase over the past year and collectively they are estimated to be holding an extra £192bn.

The research found that households plan to spend more than a quarter (26%) – £50bn in total – of their lockdown savings over the course of 2021.

This extra spending means the UK savings ratio for 2021 is expected to fall to 11%, down from last year’s high of 16%. Despite the drop, it will remain well above the long-term average of 8.5% (2000 — 2019) because of spending restrictions in place during the first half of the year.

Scottish Friendly and CEBR studied 50 years’ worth of households saving data and interviewed 4,000 UK adults as part of their study. Over a third (34%) of those who plan to spend more money this year say their cash will go towards travel and accommodation for overseas holidays.

Meanwhile, 29% of Brits with extra savings from the last year plan to spend more on domestic holidays in 2021.

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The government’s Eat Out to Help Out scheme helped to boost retail spending last year, but irrespective of whether that is reintroduced, 28% of people anticipate increasing their spending in restaurants and cafes this year.

In contrast, less than one in five (19%) said they had pent-up demand to increase spending in pubs and bars.

Many sections of the UK economy are set to benefit from a short-term boost in consumer spending, but not all households anticipate increasing their expenditure.

Chart: Scottish Friendly
Chart: Scottish Friendly

One in four (25%) Brits plan to spend more money this year because of events of the past 12 months, but more than two in five (42%) say that they don’t have pent-up demand to increase spending during 2021.

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Kevin Brown, savings specialist at Scottish Friendly said: “This will provide a welcome boost for many businesses, but it could lead to a sharp spike in prices during the remainder of 2021, which risks hurting many savers.

“If interest rates are kept low, there is a real threat that inflation could rise rapidly above the Bank of England’s 2% target and be difficult to control. If this is allowed to happen, then it will be UK households who bear the brunt of its force. Anyone who has money with a bank or building society, could see the real value of their savings eroded in a relatively short space of time.

“The inflationary alarm bells are ringing and households may want to consider moving away from cash to find opportunities for potentially greater investment growth.”

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