Richest and poorest states in India by GDP

Malini T
·3 min read
The Gateway of India and boats as seen from the Mumbai Harbour in Mumbai, India
The Gateway of India and boats as seen from the Mumbai Harbour in Mumbai, India

India is the 6th largest economy in the world. While it has been knocked off course somewhat through the impact of the pandemic, Centre for Economics and Business Research (CEBR) forecast that the Indian economy would expand by 9% in 2021 and by 7% in 2022.

Maharashtra has the highest GSDP among 33 Indian States and Union Territories. As of the FY 2018-19, Maharashtra contributes 13.88% of India's GDP at current prices, followed by Tamil Nadu (8.59%) and the most populous state Uttar Pradesh (8.35%). Other states in top 5 are Gujarat (7.92%) andKarnataka (7.87%).

India's largest state Rajasthan is at number 7, behind West Bengal, poorest state Bihar is at number 14, and capital Delhi is at number 12.

The top 5 states share 46.6% of India's total economy. Five states of South India together account for close to 30%. Eight states of North-East India share 2.8%.

Andaman & Nicobar Islands has the lowest GSDP in the list of 33 states/UTs. Followed by Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Manipur.

Here's a detailed look at the richest to the poorest states in India as of 2019-20-21.

Rank I State/Union Territory I Nominal GDP ₹ lakh crore = INR trillions

1 Maharashtra ₹28.18 lakh crore (US$400 billion) 2019-20

2 Tamil Nadu ₹19.43 lakh crore (US$270 billion) 2020–21[3]

3 Uttar Pradesh ₹17.05 lakh crore (US$240 billion) 2020–21[3]

4 Karnataka ₹16.65 lakh crore (US$230 billion) 2020–21

5 Gujarat ₹16.49 lakh crore (US$230 billion) 2019–20

6 West Bengal ₹12.54 lakh crore (US$180 billion) 2019–20

7 Telangana ₹9.78 lakh crore (US$140 billion) 2020–21

8 Andhra Pradesh ₹9.71 lakh crore (US$140 billion) 2019–20

9 Rajasthan ₹9.58 lakh crore (US$130 billion) 2020–21

10 Madhya Pradesh ₹9.17 lakh crore (US$130 billion) 2020–21

11 Kerala ₹8.54 lakh crore (US$120 billion) 2019–20

12 Delhi ₹7.98 lakh crore (US$110 billion) 2020–21

13 Haryana ₹7.65 lakh crore (US$110 billion) 2020–21

14 Bihar ₹6.12 lakh crore (US$86 billion) 2019–20

15 Punjab ₹5.41 lakh crore (US$76 billion) 2020–21

16 Odisha ₹5.09 lakh crore (US$71 billion) 2020–21

17 Assam ₹3.51 lakh crore (US$49 billion) 2019–20

18 Chhattisgarh ₹3.50 lakh crore (US$49 billion) 2020–21

19 Jharkhand ₹3.29 lakh crore (US$46 billion) 2019–20

20 Uttarakhand ₹2.53 lakh crore (US$35 billion) 2019–20

21 Jammu and Kashmir ₹1.76 lakh crore (US$25 billion) 2020–21

22 Himachal Pradesh ₹1.56 lakh crore (US$22 billion) 2020–21

23 Goa ₹0.815 lakh crore (US$11 billion) 2020–21

24 Tripura ₹0.597 lakh crore (US$8.4 billion) 2020–21

25 Chandigarh ₹0.421 lakh crore (US$5.9 billion) 2018–19

26 Puducherry ₹0.380 lakh crore (US$5.3 billion) 2019–20

27 Meghalaya ₹0.348 lakh crore (US$4.9 billion) 2020–21

28 Sikkim ₹0.325 lakh crore (US$4.6 billion) 2019–20

29 Nagaland ₹0.319 lakh crore (US$4.5 billion) 2019–20

30 Manipur ₹0.318 lakh crore (US$4.5 billion) 2019–20

31 Arunachal Pradesh ₹0.273 lakh crore (US$3.8 billion) 2019–20

32 Mizoram ₹0.265 lakh crore (US$3.7 billion) 2019–20

33 Andaman and Nicobar Islands ₹0.088 lakh crore (US$1.2 billion) 2018–19

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