Losing weight requires a consistent commitment to several lifestyle choices: Eat healthier, exercise more, get 6-8 hours of sleep a night, and drink lots of water. Not only will choosing water over caloric and sugary beverages save you calories, but water is also essential for sharp brain function, keeping your organs working properly, and exercise recovery — to name a few important reasons. And if you're reaching for detox water, it can help boost your metabolism and flush out toxins.But just hearing that you need to drink "lots" of water can be confusing. For some people that could be the standard eight 8-ounce glasses, but others could need a lot more (or perhaps less). We tapped dietitian Jim White, RD, ACSM, and owner of Jim White Fitness and Nutrition Studios, to find out just exactly how much water you should be drinking for weight loss. And while you're making some changes, be sure to try out any of these 21 Best Healthy Cooking Hacks of All Time.For the average person:Although everyone has different needs, White says sticking to the oft-recommended amount of eight 8-ounce glasses (64 ounces total) should suffice and can help boost weight loss for the average person or someone just looking to drop a few pounds.It doesn't sound like an overwhelming number, but the challenge for most people is drinking enough water in the first place. According to a study by the CDC, 43% of adults drink less than four cups of water a day, with 7% reporting they don't drink any glasses of water—yikes!In general, you should let your thirst be your guide. If you're still thirsty after chugging 64 ounces throughout the day, make sure you adjust your intake accordingly. But if you're feeling quenched, be sure not to overdo it; drinking too much water could lead to hyponatremia, also known as water intoxication, where the sodium levels in the body become overly diluted and can lead to swelling in the brain, seizures, and coma. There's a reason this dangerous practice is one of the ways you're drinking water wrong.If you're working out a lot:If you're a big-time gym rat or endurance athlete, you'll need more water than the standard 64 ounces. After a serious sweat sesh, you could be depleting your body of proper hydration."The American College of Sports Medicine recommends to drink 16 ounces of extra water before you exercise, and to sip on 4-8 ounces during exercise, and another 16 ounces after exercise," White explains. "You can also weigh yourself before exercise and see how many pounds you lose. Drink 16 ounces afterward for every pound lost."RELATED: Your guide to the anti-inflammatory diet that heals your gut, slows the signs of aging, and helps you lose weight.If you're more overweight:For overweight or obese people, their water needs are different. White says they'll need to drink even more water to stay properly hydrated and aid in weight loss. A simple math equation for this is to drink half of your body weight in ounces of water. So if you weigh 180 pounds, you should aim for 90 ounces of water a day.A study published in the Annals of Family Medicine found that people with higher BMIs were the least hydrated. The study suggested that water is an essential nutrient and may play as big of a role in weight loss as food and exercise. Virginia Tech researchers found that overweight adults who drank 16 ounces of water a half an hour before their meals lost three more pounds than those who didn't, and 9 pounds at the end of 12 weeks.Replacing caloric and sugary beverages such as soda, fruit juice, and sweetened iced teas with water can also help boost weight loss, White says.Bottom Line: Shoot for 64 ounces of water.Although everyone has their own individual hydration needs, shooting for 64 ounces is a good place to start. Let your thirst be your guide; if you're still parched after 8 glasses, feel free to drink more (just don't go overboard).Another indicator for if you've had enough water is the color of your urine: A pale yellow or almost clear color means you are properly hydrated. Anything darker than a pale yellow, and you need to drink more H2O."Remember the signs of dehydration: Thirst, dry mouth, headaches, and in extreme cases dizziness and feeling lethargic," White explains. "Just a 2% dehydration in the body can negatively impact athletic performance."There are other factors that could impact just how much water you should be drinking: Sweating more, being outside in the heat, taking certain medications, or drinking alcohol. White recommends to drink one 8-ounce glass of water for every alcoholic beverage you consume, and get plenty of hydrating foods such as watermelon, cucumbers, and celery.Regardless, a weight-loss program should include around 64 ounces of water — more if you've got a lot of weight to lose or your program involves a lot of working out. So grab a reusable, BPA-free water bottle, keep refilling it, and sip your way slim.
The 28-year-old, who is currently in “vacation mode” while visiting Cabo San Lucas in Mexico, took to Instagram this week to share her latest looks.
Amber Luke has a split tongue, lip tattoo, gauged ears, tattoos on nearly every part of her body and has even tattooed her sclera blue.
President Donald Trump called Sacha Baron Cohen "a creep" after previously unseen footage from "Borat 2" was shared to Twitter Friday.
"Unfortunately, Harry's ignorance of both history and family tradition meant that he had no understanding of this subtlety."
November is National Diabetes Month, and with October drawing to a close, it's time to pay attention to the risks involved with diabetes and what we can do about them. According to the CDC, 30 million adults are living with diabetes in the United States, and another 88 million are what's considered pre-diabetic. Prediabetics have blood sugar levels higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetic—emphasis on that "yet." Prediabetics can avoid diabetes with dietary and lifestyle changes.At a time when we're not only thinking about diabetes, but when many of us are thinking about our general health more than ever—and remembering that diabetes actually poses a greater risk with COVID—an expert has some exciting news about avocados. Avocados really are a super superfood: they're packed with vitamins, nutrients, and heart-healthy monounsaturated fatty acids, they can make you feel fuller longer, they can lower cholesterol, and they might even help prevent cancer. They're also delicious and so trendy that you can easily incorporate them into meals both at home and out, so essentially, avocados are a win-win. (Much like these 21 best healthy cooking hacks of all time.)As if they needed to work harder, Food Science Professor and Co-Founder of SP Nutraceuticals Dr. Paul Spanguolo says that avocados are key for both diabetics and prediabetics. All of the aforementioned benefits of avocados provide a healthy foundation, he explains, but a recent discovery made by his team is specifically promising for regulating blood sugar levels.Avocatin B (AvoB) is a bioactive naturally found in certain avocados, Dr. Spanguolo explained in an email to Eat This, Not That!. "When we talk about bioactives, think of it like the nutrients we get from other foods: we get Omega-3 fatty acids from eating fish and Vitamin C from oranges. AvoB is a bioactive ingredient in avocados, which can be an important dietary choice for diabetics and prediabetics."So what how does Avocatin B work, exactly? Dr. Spanguolo says that this bioactive can be used to maintain a healthy metabolism, blood sugar, insulin levels, and weight in adults. These factors are important for everyone, but crucial for diabetics and prediabetics."When your metabolism is working, everything is in balance," Dr. Spanguolo says." You have ideal levels of blood sugar, good cholesterol, blood pressure, etc. If your metabolism has become inefficient, you are burning either glucose or fat, one more than the other, causing a build-up of either one in your blood. Science tells us that blood sugar imbalances can have a profound and negative impact on our health. They can impact our energy levels, concentration, mood, and much more. And for diabetics, unbalanced blood sugars could lead to even more serious health complications like heart attack and stroke."AvoB can help rebalance those blood sugar levels. That's why Dr. Spanguolo recommends working avocados into your diet, along with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grain foods, and proteins, especially proteins from plants. Along with eating less sugar and carbohydrates and getting in more physical activity, avocados can help make an effective difference in warding off diabetes and staying healthy.For more healthy eating news, make sure to sign up for our newsletter.
"I'll sleep when I'm dead"—as a doctor and a CEO I hear this excuse from patients and fellow entrepreneurs way too often. What I tell them is that a good night's rest is more important than they realize. It doesn't only allow you to feel, look, and perform better but it can have life-changing effects on the quality of your future life. Impaired sleep has been associated with Alzheimer's disease, so if you spot and manage a sleep disorder early in your life you can help prevent or slow cognitive decline. It's important to understand how they connect since easy home treatments for the common sleep disorder can have a positive impact—and help prevent —the world's most common form of dementia. In other words, lack of sleep may not make you drop dead but certainly can make the rest of your life very difficult.What is Sleep Apnea?Alzheimer's disease and obstructive sleep apnea are scientifically intertwined. It's important to understand how they connect since easy home treatments for the common sleep disorder can have a positive impact—and help prevent—the world's most common form of dementia. Sleep apnea is a disease that disrupts breathing during sleep and causes the body to subconsciously wake as many as 100 times an hour. Sleep apnea is associated with loud snoring, earning it the infamous title of the "not-so-silent killer." The disease puts the afflicted at risk for obvious complications like extreme fatigue and poor oxygen levels. Who Suffers Sleep Apnea?It affects an estimated 25 million Americans, yet an amazing 80 percent go undiagnosed and therefore untreated. They suffer unnecessarily, but not in silence. Apart from fatigue, there are other concerning repercussions to consider, like cognitive impairment and cardiovascular disease, which can increase the risk for Alzheimer's, a disease that afflicts more than 4.7 million Americans over age 65.The Connection Between Sleep Apnea and a Higher Risk of DementiaStudies have shown a connection between sleep apnea and a higher risk of developing dementia at an early age. In fact, one respected study found that sleep apnea sufferers have twice the risk of cognitive decline and/or Alzheimer's disease. Left untreated, the poor effects of sleep apnea on cognition, especially attention and executive function (like working memory, flexible thinking and self-control), can make dementia worse.RELATED: 11 Symptoms of COVID You Never Want to GetIs Sleep Apnea Treatable?There is good news, however. Sleep apnea is typically treatable, and it's easy to manage from home. A key tool in combating the disease is the CPAP machine, which is a nighttime mask that uses mild air pressure to keep airways open while you sleep. For those with both sleep apnea and Alzheimer's disease, CPAP therapy has shown to improve verbal learning, memory and executive functions. Even more promising, continued use of the machine can slow the cognitive decline of those with dementia.An important takeaway: The negative effects of sleep apnea on cognition can make Alzheimer's disease worse. But through diagnoses and treatment of the sleep disorder, there are promising preventative effects on dementia. Simple healthcare changes can have a big impact on quality of life.What to Do When You Have Sleep Apnea?Now that we know the important link between sleep apnea and dementia, what's the next step in safeguarding your health? If you are a loud snorer – or live with someone who is – it's quite possible that sleep apnea is to blame. Seek the counsel of a sleep specialist for a diagnosis. This can be done with an overnight stay in a sleep clinic, or thanks to modern technology, organized from the comfort of your home. If needed, sleep apnea treatment can save your life, and vastly improve its quality, helping prevent and mitigate dementia. As for yourself: To get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.About the Author: Dr. Daniel Rifkin is the founder and CEO of Ognomy. As a board-certified neurologist and sleep specialist, Dr. Rifkin has 23 years of experience in the practice of sleep medicine and is a published expert in his field.
As an Emergency Department doctor, I know from my own experience that inflammation is a common complaint that brings people to the ER. Inflammation usually causes pain and is the reason that people feel pain from broken bones or even infections. Inflammation is much more concerning than just the nagging pain or discomfort, however as it can lead to very serious medical conditions such as cancers and heart disease. Although you should need to seek medical attention for the cause of the inflammation, knowing how to treat inflammation at home is also important. Here are a few anti-inflammatory tips that could help. Use Over the Counter Medications (responsibly)NSAIDs, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, are very common medications that are mostly sold over the counter, such as ibuprofen and naproxen. These medications are used to reduce fever and pain due to inflammation by turning off an enzyme, cyclooxygenase or COX, that is needed in the body's inflammatory response. COX is used to create substances that cause inflammation as well as change the normal temperature within the body. Since the COX enzyme is turned off, the products are not made which will keep fever and inflammation from occurring.NSAIDs can be dangerous, however, when not taken appropriately. The COX enzyme is found in the stomach and small intestine and is responsible for much of the lining of these organs. Since NSAIDs turn off the COX enzymes, they can cause the lining of the gastrointestinal system to be reduced which can lead to bleeding in the stomach and small intestine. These medications can also cause kidney injuries in some patients. The COX enzymes are used to form certain substances which keep blood flowing to the kidneys. Turning off the enzymes causes these substances to not be produced, which will reduce blood flow to the kidneys sometimes leading to damage of the kidney cells. Discuss Steroids With Your DoctorCorticosteroids, or steroids as they are better known, are compounds that are normally produced within the body by the adrenal gland. All tissues within the body are affected by steroids which can cause a variety of different responses such as increasing blood sugar levels, or increasing the amount of the red blood cells within the body. The anti-inflammatory effects of steroids are also very diverse. For instance, if you suffer a cut on your leg that becomes infected the area can become very inflamed. Inflammation occurs because the blood vessels in the area become leaky which allows for the body's immune cells to migrate to the area. The leaking blood vessels also cause fluid to build up in the area worsening the inflammation. Steroids work by reducing the build-up of the fluid and immune cells thereby reducing the inflammation. They are very helpful to reduce inflammation within the brain and lungs as well and are a common medication given to patients with chronic inflammation such as asthma, as well as rheumatologic conditions. Steroids can be problematic for some patients causing weight gain, elevated blood sugars as well as ulcers in the stomach, and small intestine. In some cases of chronic steroid treatment, the adrenal gland can stop producing its own steroids, which may require life long supplemental steroids. Eat These FoodsThe connection between inflammation and chronic diseases is ever increasing. Asthma, cancer, heart disease, Crohn's disease and even diabetes are linked to chronic inflammation. Although medications can be used to treat much of the inflammation that is caused by these conditions, there is increasing evidence that food and lifestyle changes can help minimize the effects of these conditions. Foods that are high in antioxidants can help reduce inflammation. Foods such as:berriesavocadosfishspices (garlic, turmeric, ginger, cinnamon, black pepper)are known to have anti-inflammatory effects on the body. These foods can help naturally reduce inflammation making medications less necessary. Avoid These FoodsSome foods are also known to be moderately pro-inflammatory and may cause worsening of underlying medical conditions:processed meatssugartrans fatsexcess alcoholsome processed carbohydrates can promote inflammation within the body. For any person, consumption of these should be reduced but especially for patients who have a known condition that is affected by inflammation, they should be completely avoided. As for yourself: To get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
The Food and Drug Administration has approved remdesivir as a treatment for hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Here's what you need to know.
The list of the health benefits of drinking tea are long (here's what happens to your body when you consume it), so it may come as no surprise that sipping a lot of this beverage can help lower your blood pressure. Tea—like berries, apples, pears, and more foods—contains flavanols. And a diet high in flavanols can lead to lower blood pressure, according to a recent study.An analysis of the food choices of 25,618 people in the U.K. published in the journal Scientific Reports found a high intake of flavanols "was associated with a significantly lower systolic blood pressure" in both men and women comparable to following the Mediterranean diet or the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet—or from eating less salt. The biggest change occurred in participants with existing high blood pressure. (For more on eating cleaner, here are the 21 Best Healthy Cooking Hacks of All Time.)"What this study gives us is an objective finding about the association between flavanols—found in tea and some fruits—and blood pressure," Gunter Kuhnle, a professor and nutritionist at the University of Reading and who led the study, said. "This research confirms the results from previous dietary intervention studies and shows that the same results can be achieved with a habitual diet rich in flavanols. In the British diet, the main sources are tea, cocoa, apples, and berries."Overall, the risk of cardiovascular diseases would go down if more people eat more flavanol-rich foods, according to scientists. This may be as simple as drinking a cup of tea every day or adding in more berries and apples to your diet.Need some inspo? How about this Berry Cauliflower Smoothie for breakfast? Or here are 25 Delicious Apple Recipes That are Perfect for Fall.
McDonald's. The overly oily and buttery foods served at your favorite restaurant. Portion sizes. Refined sugars. Your own fundamental lack of discipline. Anyone who has tried to lose a few extra pounds knows that the bad foods and temptations standing between you and the body you always wanted are countless and seemingly insurmountable. But, according to a new study released in the academic journal NeuroImage, the single biggest weight-loss villain you face every day is so painfully obvious you've likely overlooked it all along: Your eyes."We found that weight loss is not merely a matter of willpower," writes Gidon Levakov, a graduate student who led the study. "But [it] is actually connected to much more basic visual and olfactory cues."The researchers, based out of the Department of Epidemiology at Israel's Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, tracked 92 individuals trying to lose weight over the course of 18 months by adopting variations of the Mediterranean diet. To help them along the way, the test subjects were given free gym memberships and access to "moderate-intensity aerobic classes."At the beginning of their journey—and after a six-month follow-up to gauge their progress—the participants underwent a series of MRI scans and "behavioral executive function" tests as the scientists explored deeper into the "gut-brain" interactions associated with the "control of appetite."Ultimately, the researchers uncovered evidence of a "brain subnetwork" that appears to have an outsize influence on one's ability to lose weight less successfully over time. Surprisingly, they discovered that the most active area of the brain associated with feelings of satiety and hunger was the visual cortex."It appears that visual information may be an important factor triggering eating," Prof. Galia Avidan, from the BGU Departments of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and Psychology, told Neuroscience News. "This is reasonable, given that vision is the primary sense in humans."Now, anyone who has ever looked at a juicy cheeseburger and instantly felt their mouth water can confirm that your eyes do indeed speak directly with your desire to eat. But the findings are interesting nonetheless, as researchers expand their knowledge of why humans become obese, and why our bodies behave the way they do when we're trying to go on a diet. So if you're looking to lose weight, be sure to rid your kitchen of any decadent items that might catch your eye—starting with the 50 Worst Ever Foods for Weight Loss!For more weight loss news, sign up for our newsletter.
Certain mouthwashes can break the membrane of coronaviruses, rendering them inactive. But scientists say more research is still needed.
If you've decided to get serious about your weight-loss goals, you already know that focusing on eating healthy and exercising more are two of the core things to do when it comes to maintaining a healthier lifestyle. But you might just be overlooking another important step when it comes to dropping those pounds. And that's walking.Yes, the number of steps you take each day is a key component of not packing on extra pounds!And that's crucial during a time like right now when you might not be in the swing of your usual routine. And if you're looking for more tips to keep you on track, here are the 21 Best Healthy Cooking Hacks of All Time.But how many steps do you need to take every day in order to not gain weight?You're probably thinking you know this one—10,000 steps. That has been known as the lucky number, right? Well, that number might actually be too low. See, a 2017 study published in The International Journal of Obesity actually found that 15,000 steps each day is the accurate amount you should be taking.So how did The University of Warwick in England researchers come to these conclusions? Well, they compared the lives of sedentary office workers to those of mail carriers and discovered that the postal-service workers who walked at least 15,000 steps (that's about three hours a day or covering seven miles), had normal body mass indexes (BMI), waistline measurements, and metabolic profiles. They were also the only workers with effectively no heightened risk for cardiac disease. On the other hand, the workers who sat for most of each day (some as long as 15 hours) had larger waistlines, higher BMIs, worse blood sugar control and cholesterol profiles, and had the highest risk of heart disease.The big takeaway here? Workers who walked at least 15,000 steps had the lowest body mass indexes, waistline measurements, metabolic profiles, and lowest risk of heart disease.But before you assume the only way to improve your health is to switch career paths, don't get too ahead of yourself. The study had one positive finding for those who work desk jobs where you're sitting a majority of the day: almost any amount of walking reduced a worker's chances of having a large waistline and other risk factors for heart disease.How can you make sure you're getting enough steps in?Think about this way—your minimum goal should be closer to 15,000 steps a day, which is the equivalent of 2 hours of walking at a brisk pace. So how can you get there? Consider taking a 20-minute walk before, after work, and during lunch. That way, you're getting fresh air three times a day, which is great for your mental health too, stepping away from work to just move. During the day, consider doing a 2-minute loop around your office or home every 30 minutes. Even walking up and down the stairs is a great way to get your steps in and work up a little bit of a sweat.Hitting that daily goal of 15,000 steps not only improves your health, but because it helps jumpstart your metabolism, so you'll be able to efficiently avoid gaining any unwanted pounds. Time to get walking!For even more tips, be sure to sign up for our newsletter to get daily recipes and food news in your inbox!
The CDC list of coronavirus symptoms includes fever, dry cough, and a new loss of taste or smell, along with other issues—but that doesn't explain what happens to your body when you get COVID. We talked to researchers about what happens to your body when you get COVID, and here's what they said. 1 First, COVID Enters Your Body "The virus primarily affects the respiratory system and is transferred between humans by airborne mechanisms, like coughing or sneezing, or by contact of contaminated surfaces, doorknobs, etc, with hands and then rubbing the face," says Dr. Jeffrey Langland, Ph.D., an instructor for Medical Microbiology, Immunology, and Concepts in Research. "It attacks the human body in three phases: viral replication, immune hyperactivity and pulmonary destruction"—pulmonary meaning your lungs—says Dr. Monika Stuczen, FIBMS, a Medical Microbiologist and R&D and QC Laboratory Manager at MWE. 2 In the Beginning, You Might Feel Nothing From COVID "At the beginning of infection, people produce a large quantity of the virus," says Stuczen. "The incubation time is between 2 and 14 days with an average of 5 days. During this time infected people do not show any symptoms but they contribute to the spread of the virus without even realizing it. Moreover, it is proved that some people may be asymptomatic but they are still able to infect others." 3 Once COVID is in Your Body, it Take Over Your Cells "The virus infects the cells in the respiratory tract, taking over the cells' functions, allowing the virus to replicate and then spread from cell to cell," says Langland. "In mild cases, the body's immune system helps to limit the spread of the virus within the body." That's when a fever may set in, to combat the infection. "In more severe cases, the viruses spread more and can lead to a 'cytokine storm' where the immune system is highly stimulated." 4 Then You Can't Breathe Due to COVID "This infection can lead to the problems of breathing difficulties from the bronchials constricting and limiting airflow. You might cough as a result or feel shortness of breath," says Langland. 5 Depending on Your Health, COVID Could Get Worse—Much Worse "There are three patterns presented with Covid-19," says Stuczen. "It usually begins with mild upper respiratory illness followed by non-life-threatening pneumonia. After about 7 days it can progress to severe pneumonia with acute respiratory distress syndrome when the patient may require life support. In severe pneumonia, lungs are filled with inflammatory material. They are unable to get enough oxygen to the bloodstream, reducing the body's ability to take on oxygen and remove carbon dioxide what in most cases causes death. About 1 out of 6 people who contract Covid-19 becomes seriously ill and develop difficulty breathing." 6 If You Have an Underlying Condition, Your Body Has a Harder Time Fighting COVID "People with underlying conditions such as cardiovascular problems, high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, immunosuppressed patients and older people are more likely to develop serious illness," says Stuczen. 7 Eventually, With Good Care and Good Luck, Your Body Can Heal From COVID "Don't panic," says Langland. "Most cases are minor and even the more moderate cases will be fine. The majority of deaths are in the elderly or those with other underlying conditions, including hypertension and diabetes." 8 However, Many Patients Suffer Effects From COVID for Months "Thousands of people across the globe — many of whom were young, active, and healthy — have been debilitated by ongoing, unexplainable symptoms," reports Buzzfeed. "These patients, also known as long-haulers, are crushing the popular idea that COVID is only serious for a small percentage of vulnerable people." "This is not just a respiratory illness. This is a systemic illness that makes you lose connection with the world," patient Hannah Davis told BuzzFeed News. "And the most shocking thing to me is how long it has taken for doctors and the general public to realize this basic fact." 9 What to Do if You Feel Like You Have COVID "Anyone experiencing flu-like symptoms, high temperature, new, continuous cough or shortness of breath should stay at home and self-isolate immediately," says Stuczen. "People with mild symptoms are able to recover at home. Make sure you drink plenty of fluids. Proper hydration is very important in your recovery process. Separate yourself from other people at home as much as possible and do not share personal household items such as cups, plates, drinking glasses, towels or bedding. You should stay in one room and use a separate bathroom if available. Wash your hands very often. You should also restrict contact with pets and animals. It is recommended that people with the virus limit contact with animals until more information is known. If you need to leave home make sure you wear a facemask and you keep at least six feet distance from other people.Remember that you may only experience mild symptoms and recover quickly but if you don't use all precautions you may infect other people with weaker immune systems. Their bodies may not be able to cope with the virus and it may cost their life. Everyone reacts to this virus in a different way and we need to make sure we protect not only ourselves but also people around us." 10 What to Do if Your COVID Symptoms Worsen "If your symptoms are worsening (for example you have difficulty breathing) seek medical care immediately," says Stuczen. "Don't go to the hospital or doctor's office. Call ahead and tell them your symptoms. They will tell you what to do. You can leave home after at least 7 days have passed since your first symptoms appeared and you have no fever for a minimum 72 hours without the use of medicine that reduces fever and all other symptoms have improved such as cough or shortness of breath." 11 How to Prevent COVID Infection in the First Place "Try to avoid contact with others. Keep distance between you and others if you need to be in a public space. Wash hands and avoid touching your face with your hands. Disinfect surfaces where others may have touched. Also, try to stay healthy. Eat well, get rest and try to not stress. Keep your immune system strong and healthy," says Langland. "The novel coronavirus is just that, new, which means the world's population has no immunity," says Marjorie Golden, MD, a Yale Medicine infectious disease specialist. Stay inside to keep you—and everyone else—happy and healthy, and your body will thank you. As for yourself: To get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
For months, as Marilyn Walters has struggled to recover from COVID-19, she has repeated this prayer day and night.Like other older adults who've become critically ill from the coronavirus, Walters, 65, describes what she calls "brain fog" — difficulty putting thoughts together, problems with concentration, the inability to remember what happened a short time before.This sudden cognitive dysfunction is a common concern for seniors who've survived a serious bout of COVID-19."Many older patients are having trouble organizing themselves and planning what they need to do to get through the day," said Dr. Zijian Chen, medical director of the Center for Post-COVID Care at Mount Sinai Health System in New York City. "They're reporting that they've become more and more forgetful." Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.Overcoming Muscle and Nerve DamageOther challenges abound: overcoming muscle and nerve damage, improving breathing, adapting to new impairments, regaining strength and stamina, and coping with the emotional toll of unexpected illness.Most seniors survive COVID-19 and will encounter these concerns to varying degrees. Even among the age group at greatest risk — people 85 and older — just 28% of those with confirmed cases end up dying, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (Because of gaps in testing, the actual death rate may be lower.)Walters, who lives in Indianapolis, spent almost three weeks in March and April heavily sedated, on a ventilator, fighting for her life in intensive care. Today, she said, "I still get tired real easy and I can't breathe sometimes. If I'm walking sometimes my legs get wobbly and my arms get like jelly.""Emotionally, it's been hard because I've always been able to do for myself, and I can't do that as I like. I've been really nervous and jittery," Walters said.Younger adults who've survived a serious course of COVID-19 experience similar issues but older adults tend to have "more severe symptoms, and more limitations in terms of what they can do," Chen said."Recovery will be on the order of months and years, not days or weeks," said Dr. E. Wesley Ely, co-director of the Critical Illness, Brain Dysfunction and Survivorship Center at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Most likely, he speculated, a year after fighting the disease at least half of the critically ill older patients will not have fully recovered.RELATED: 11 Symptoms of COVID You Never Want to Get"Law&Order" in PurgatoryThe aftereffects of delirium — an acute, sudden change of consciousness and mental acuity — can complicate recovery from COVID-19. Seniors hospitalized for serious illness are susceptible to the often-unrecognized condition when they're immobilized for a long time, isolated from family and friends, and given sedatives to ease agitation or narcotics for pain, among other contributing factors.In older adults, delirium is associated with a heightened risk of losing independence, developing dementia and dying. It can manifest as acute confusion and agitation or as uncharacteristic unresponsiveness and lethargy."What we're seeing with COVID-19 and older adults are rates of delirium in the 70% to 80% range," said Dr. Babar Khan, associate director of Indiana University's Center for Aging Research at the Regenstrief Institute, and one of Walters' physicians.Gordon Quinn, 77, a Chicago documentary filmmaker, believes he contracted COVID-19 at a conference in Australia in early March. At Northwestern Memorial Hospital, he was put on a ventilator twice in the ICU, for a total of nearly two weeks, and remembers having "a lot of hallucinations" — a symptom of delirium."I remember vividly believing I was in purgatory. I was paralyzed — I couldn't move. I could hear snatches of TV — reruns of Law&Order: Special Victims Unit — and I asked myself, 'Is this my life for eternity?'" Quinn said.Given the extent of delirium and mounting evidence of neurological damage from COVID-19, Khan said he expects to see "an increased prevalence of ICU-acquired cognitive impairment in older COVID patients."RELATED: I'm a Doctor and This Vitamin May Reduce Your COVID RiskWorking on RecoveryEly agrees. "These patients will urgently need to work on recovery," he said. Family members should insist on securing rehabilitation services — physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, cognitive rehabilitation — after the patient leaves the hospital and returns home, he advised."Even at my age, people can get incredible benefit from rehab," said Quinn, who spent nearly two weeks at Chicago's Shirley Ryan AbilityLab, a rehabilitation hospital, before returning home and getting several weeks of home-based therapy. Today, he's able to walk nearly 2 miles and has returned to work, feeling almost back to normal.James Talaganis, 72, of Indian Head Park, Illinois, also benefited from rehab at Shirley Ryan AbilityLab after spending nearly four months in various hospitals beginning in early May.Talaganis had a complicated case of COVID-19: His kidneys failed and he was put on dialysis. He experienced cardiac arrest and was in a coma for almost 58 days while on a ventilator. He had intestinal bleeding, requiring multiple blood transfusions, and was found to have crystallization and fibrosis in his lungs.When Talaganis began his rehab on Aug. 22, he said, "my whole body, my muscles were atrophied. I couldn't get out of bed or go to the toilet. I was getting fed through a tube. I couldn't eat solid foods."In early October, after getting hours of therapy each day, Talaganis was able to walk 660 feet in six minutes and eat whatever he wanted. "My recovery — it's a miracle. Every day I feel better," he said.RELATED: 11 COVID Symptoms No One Talks About But ShouldThe Need of Human ConnectionUnfortunately, rehabilitation needs for most older adults are often overlooked. Notably, a recent study found that one-third of critically ill older adults who survive a stay in the ICU did not receive rehab services at home after hospital discharge."Seniors who live in more rural areas or outside bigger cities where major hospital systems are providing cutting-edge services are at significant risk of losing out on this potentially restorative care," said Dr. Sean Smith, an associate professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation at the University of Michigan.Sometimes what's most needed for recovery from critical illness is human connection. That was true for Tom and Virginia Stevens of Nashville, Tennessee, in their late 80s, who were both hospitalized with COVID-19 in early August.Ely, one of their physicians, found them in separate hospital rooms, frightened and miserable. "I'm worried about my husband," he said Virginia told him. "Where am I? What is happening? Where is my wife?" the doctor said Tom asked, before crying out, "I have to get out of here."Ely and another physician taking care of the couple agreed. Being isolated from each other was dangerous for this couple, married for 66 years. They needed to be put in a room together.When the doctor walked into their new room the next day, he said, "it was a night-and-day difference." The couple was sipping coffee, eating and laughing on beds that had been pushed together."They both got better from that point on. I know that was because of the loving touch, being together," Ely said.That doesn't mean recovery has been easy. Virginia and Tom still struggle with confusion, fatigue, weakness and anxiety after their two-week stay in the hospital, followed by two weeks in inpatient rehabilitation. Now, they're in a new assisted living residence, which is allowing outdoor visits with their family."Doctors have told us it will take a long time and they may never get back to where they were before COVID," said their daughter, Karen Kreager, also of Nashville. "But that's OK. I'm just so grateful that they came through this and we get to spend more time with them." And to get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.KHN (Kaiser Health News) is a nonprofit news service covering health issues. It is an editorially independent program of KFF (Kaiser Family Foundation), which is not affiliated with Kaiser Permanente.
As your city reopens, you're washing your hands frequently and using hand sanitizer after touching every ATM button—but you may be making one major mistake. The Wall Street Journal studied the common consensus among scientists and reports: "It's not common to contract COVID-19 from a contaminated surface, scientists say. And fleeting encounters with people outdoors are unlikely to spread the coronavirus. Instead, the major culprit is close-up, person-to-person interactions for extended periods."Making things worse: "Crowded events, poorly ventilated areas and places where people are talking loudly—or singing, in one famous case—maximize the risk."It Enters Through Your Face, Doctor Confirms"Here's the problem: COVID-19 is spread by close physical contact," says Dr. Deborah Lee, a medical writer with Dr. Fox Online. "This includes holding hands, hugging and kissing, but also standing close to one another. The virus is transmitted in exhaled respiratory droplets and is also present in nasopharyngeal secretions. It also lives in the skin—for example on fingertips and under fingernails. It can enter the body through the eyes, nose or mouth."She says in order to get back to "normal," we must keep the "R number" down. "The risk of transmission of the virus, whether due to the average day-to-day risk or to the close physical contact during a sexual encounter, is governed by the R number," she says. "The R number is the number of people each person infects before they know they have the virus."Keeping the R number down means the exponential spread of the infection within the community is halted and the infection is under control. "So, your risk of encountering the virus is much lower," says Dr. Lee. "We can only help keep the R number down by following the government's advice of staying at home where possible, frequent hand-washing, social distancing and self-isolation."Not to mention, wearing face masks.Even Speaking and Breathing Can Be DangerousThe Journal goes on to report that: "Health agencies have so far identified respiratory-droplet contact as the major mode of COVID-19 transmission. These large fluid droplets can transfer virus from one person to another if they land on the eyes, nose or mouth. But they tend to fall to the ground or on other surfaces pretty quickly," and continue: "One important factor in transmission is that seemingly benign activities like speaking and breathing produce respiratory bits of varying sizes that can disperse along air currents and potentially infect people nearby. Some researchers say the new coronavirus can also be transmitted through aerosols, or minuscule droplets that float in the air longer than large droplets. These aerosols can be directly inhaled."So: stay more than six feet away from others, wear a face mask and follow the CDC guidelines for staying safe. And to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus.
Know how to tell if a diet is right for you? You don't hate doing it. "The one diet to avoid is one that is not sustainable," explains Amy Helms, LMSW, MS, CEDRD-S, RD, LD. These can include diets that cut too many calories or plans that are not "compatible" with your lifestyle. "A plan that is too calorically restrictive will work against you in the long run," she explains. "Our bodies adapt to function on fewer calories, making weight regain just about inevitable."Additionally, a big cut in calories is a primer for overeating or even binge eating. "For some this may lead to one more failed diet while for others it can lead to disordered eating," she points out. And, while low carbohydrate, high protein, and intermittent fasting methods may be effective in the short-term, they simply aren't sustainable for most people. Here are 12 diets you should never try, according to health experts—and some you should. Read on, and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had Coronavirus. 1 The Atkins Diet While a meat-fueled, no-carb diet may help you lose weight, it can negatively impact your overall health, according to Allen Conrad, BS, DC, CSCS of Montgomery County Chiropractic Center in North Wales, PA. "The Atkins Diet was an idea to include high fat and red meats as a primary component of your meals, and the concept was that you would lose weight this way. The problem with diets like this is that high concentrations of red meat and unsaturated fats can cause many health problems, including heart disease and high cholesterol," he explains. Studies have shown that diets high in red meat and trans fats should be avoided due to their long lasting health concerns. 2 The Ketogenic Diet Keto was the most highly-hyped diet in 2019, but Dr. Conrad isn't a fan. "The concept involves eating low carbohydrate meals with the goal of losing weight. By putting the body into a state of ketosis, the idea is that your body will store less body fat, and you can drop a few pounds," he explains. However, the problem with the ketogenic diet is that this puts additional stress on your internal organs, which need carbs to work, he explains. Additionally, he points to studies that have shown that prolonged low carbohydrate diets were dangerous and could lead to premature death. 3 The Snake Diet The Snake Diet—a fad diet comprised of prolonged fasting periods (the initial two fasting periods are 48 hours and 72 hours) with low carbohydrate, high fat meals consumed in between the fasting periods—slithered around social media in 2019, with followers claiming dramatic weight loss results. However, experts hope the diet will shed in popularity in the upcoming year. "The safety and long-term effects are not known as is the case with most fad diets, which are, after all, a fad—short-lived and without scientific basis," says Ania Jastreboff, MD, Ph.D., Yale Medicine endocrinologist and director of the Weight Management&Obesity Prevention. RELATED: I'm a Doctor and This Vitamin May Reduce Your COVID Risk 4 Juicing Juicing supporters boast that it helps cleanse your body of toxins and "build up" from unhealthy food in your body. "What it really is: fruits and veggies that have been stripped of their fiber and packed into a very expensive compostable bottle," explains certified personal trainer and sports nutritionist Holly Roser. "Our bodies are great at cleansing, through our liver and kidneys so the idea of juice removing toxins, is void of scientific backing." If you want to up your fruit and veggie intake, she suggests adding them to your diet in food form. However, if you prefer drinking them, she suggests blending them in a shake or smoothie, "so you're not missing the skin of the fruit or full fiber of the greens." 5 Whole30—If You're Doing it for Weight Loss The Whole30 is meant to help you identify foods that cause you digestive or inflammation issues. Using it to lose weight isn't ideal. For instance, the plan bans legumes—something Roser finds questionable. "Legumes are packed with protein and have zero cholesterol, an amazing alternative to meat. They are an ideal choice to lose weight and live a healthy life with such an impressive nutrition profile," she explains. And when the diet is over—in this case, in just 30 days—you will likely go back to your old habits. Despite the drawbacks, she does appreciate how the diet encourages people to cook real food instead of consuming processed food. And giving up alcohol is always a good idea. But, "in the end, it's impossible to keep up, like all diets, and people gain weight once they're off it." 6 "Detox" Diets And "Detox" Products Detox is one of those "health" buzzwords that are everywhere these days—from detox diets to detox shakes and detox waters. The idea behind "detoxification" is that by following these diets or consuming these products, your body will be cleansed of "toxins," and that in turn will help improve health and promote weight loss, but it's a little more complicated, explains Melissa Nieves, RD, Healthy Meals Supreme. "The concept of detoxification by external means such as diets and detox products is misleading," she explains. "The body itself is detoxifying, every day, at all times. That's what the kidneys and liver are for! In fact, if we were really so full of toxins, we would be hospitalized, not walking around drinking detox shakes!" While the body does detoxify itself, she explains we can help the process by staying hydrated and eating a high fiber diet. 7 The HCG Diet Run, don't walk, away from the HCG diet, a meal plan that consists of just 500 calories a day and supplements or injections of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)—the hormone that is produced by women during pregnancy—several times a week. "People do lose weight on this diet, but it's really because they're eating such a small amount of calories a day," points out Nieves. "This type of diet is not sustainable, because who's going to be able to eat such a small amount of food for long periods of time?" Additionally, it's dangerous! Eating so little will lower your metabolism, making it harder to reach a healthy weight in the long-run. It also puts you at risk for malnutrition, can trigger eating disorders, and lead to muscle and tissue loss, "especially in vital organs such as the heart, since the body starts using its protein as energy under starvation conditions." Also, she points out, that the hCG hormone has only been approved as part of fertility treatments—not weight loss. "Only small studies have been done so far on the efficacy of using hCG for weight loss, using small sample sizes," she explains. "We don't have enough evidence of the potential health risks of using this hormone, nor whether it really works for weight loss." 8 The Baby Food Diet Nieves hopes people will grow up when it comes to the Baby Food Diet! "This fad diet is supposed to help you lose weight by cutting calories and controlling portions. It involves replacing one or two meals or snacks a day with baby food. Each jar can range from 20-100 calories," she explains. Again, the reason people lose weight on this diet is due to the small amount of calories consumed each day. But like any other fad diet, it has its drawbacks. These include putting you at risk for malnutrition, "since the nutrient requirements in these foods are specifically set for babies." It is also incredibly difficult to sustain, "since their taste, and the fact that you're not "chewing" your food, is difficult for an adult to get used to," and won't keep you full and satisfied due to their low fiber and protein content. "Also, diets should be pleasurable and practical. It should also help you make and sustain healthy eating habits," she adds. "The Baby Food Diet just doesn't cut it here!" 9 The Boiled Egg Diet You could lose up to 24 pounds in two weeks by eating boiled eggs—all day long—claim followers of this restrictive diet. "This is another diet that cuts out a lot of food groups and restricts your food choices to, well, mostly eggs," points out Nieves. While following this diet, which is very low in carbohydrates and high in protein, can help you shed excess pounds, the results are basically short term. "Many people have trouble sticking with this diet, mostly due to taste boredom," she explains. She also points out that it is not a dietary plan to be followed by individuals with diabetes, cholesterol problems, or heart issues. 10 Paleo Eating like a caveman is so B.C.—or at least it should be, according to Heather Campbell, MS, RDN, LD, consultant dietitian. "Any diet that requires complete omission or serious restriction of entire food groups like carbohydrates or dairy can be problematic and create opportunities for nutrition deficiencies," she explains. "When your body isn't properly fueled with a balance of all of the needed nutrients, then it will be impossible to create sustainable changes you're looking for." While Keto may lead to initial results, she points out that it's not creating a lifestyle you can continue into the future, "then you're less likely to see permanent positive change in your health." 11 Paleo-Vegan ("Pegan") What do you get when you take the trendy caveman-style Paleo diet and remove almost everything that involves animal products? One of the worst diets of the year, according to health experts. This super restrictive diet only allows things like fruit, nuts, vegetables, seeds, and limited legumes. While it bands all dairy products, you are allowed to eat a tad of meat, so there's that at least. But in general, the super restrictive eating method is difficult to sustain. RELATED: 11 Symptoms of COVID You Never Want to Get 12 The Alkaline Diet If a diet seems too good to be true, it probably is! "Many fad diets don't have peer-reviewed science to back them up at all, like avoiding acidic foods for the Alkaline Diet, or using supplements or drinks to remove toxins from the body," explains Campbell, who points out that people with healthy and functioning organ systems, have an adequate detoxification system already built in. "One way to support your body's natural ability to remove toxins is to focus on healthy habits like drinking enough water, making half of every plate fruits and vegetables, and eating adequate sources of lean protein." 13 So Which Diet Should You Try? The best diet is one that emphasizes lean proteins, healthy fats and belly-filling fibers. The best new titles on the market that promote just that are: Sugar Free 3, during which you can eat all you want while giving up added sugars for just three weeks; The Goodful Cookbook, featuring simple and balanced recipes; and How Not to Diet, which speaks for itself. As for yourself: To get through this pandemic at your healthiest, don't miss these 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID.
Who fills the next Supreme Court vacancy matters—and it may even impact your sex life.Yes, if Trump nominee Amy Coney Barrett becomes the next Supreme Court justice, the future of the commercial sex industry could be in grave danger—as could the viewing entertainment of millions of Americans since, according to Pornhub statistics, the U.S. consistently outranks all other countries in maintaining the highest rate of daily traffic to Pornhub. Thus, as the Senate hearings to confirm Amy Coney Barrett draw to a close, her seemingly inevitable spot on the bench has sparked panic among the sex-worker community.“If she’s confirmed, it could be catastrophic for the adult industry if and when any First Amendment-related cases reach the Supreme Court,” argues adult actress Siri Dahl. “Instead of supporting equal free speech for all Americans, she seems to support privileged free speech for religious Americans. There’s no way that will be good for the porn industry.”As if worrying about the career persecution wasn’t enough, Siri anticipates a worse threat will hit much sooner. “I’m worried most about reproductive rights. Our rights to important health care like birth control and abortion are in imminent danger. It’s especially scary to me as a sex worker who also happens to have a uterus,” says Dahl. “I’d like the government to stay away from my sex organs and my personal health decisions!”How Socialite India Oxenberg Escaped the NXIVM Sex Cult—and Leader Keith RaniereThat’s unlikely given the Supreme Court’s current conservative majority, which if Barrett is appointed, will become 6-3, reaching an imbalance that could last for decades. It’s a potentially frightening group with the power to reshape our legal framework but without the wisdom to effectively balance it. Pornography laws are a prime example of striking that necessary balance.Sexually explicit material is protected by the First Amendment except in such cases where it can be prosecuted for obscenity or child pornography. Obscenity, as the Supreme Court ruled in 1957 (Roth v. United States), is not protected by the First Amendment. To be obscene it must “be utterly without redeeming social value” and “of prurient interest.” However, much of this was decided case-by-case and left to the interpretation of the court, with Justice Potter Stewart famously explaining, “I’ll know it when I see it,” regarding his method of determination on a 1964 obscenity case involving the Louis Malle film The Lovers (Jacobellis v. Ohio).Without a measurable standard, obscenity could be even more subjective. It wasn’t until 1973’s Miller v. California case when the court engineered a three-part approach to measuring obscenity (known as the Miller test). These criteria continue to inform how the lines are drawn between adult entertainment protected as free speech verses similar, but prosecutable, content found to be “patently offensive,” and lacking in “serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value.” The court’s interpretation of obscenity and freedom of speech nearly 50 years ago shaped the legal framework today’s adult industry operates within, which is why who fills that seat matters. In years to come they will be dictating the existence of porn—and quite possibly free speech with it.“The adult industry is founded on bodily autonomy and freedom of expression, freedoms that religious extremist Barrett will happily erode or remove. She will even be considering First Amendment cases that could outlaw porn. While she claims to be for freedom and liberty, it’s clear she will happily regulate the bedroom on- and off-screen,” warns adult actress and former Penthouse Pet Mary Moody. “We might hope that Barrett could separate her extremist religious beliefs from her judgments but while teaching law she argued justices should be allowed to judge based on these beliefs. Her history speaks for itself, and when given the option to rule on cases that will impact sex workers, it is clear she will lean on her radical conservative religious beliefs to aid her.“I have the integrity to act consistently with my oath and apply the law as the law,” Barrett claimed during the Senate confirmation hearings. Nonetheless, it’s nearly impossible to believe her religious views won’t impact her judicial duty to the law.“I suspect that from what we know of her religious beliefs, that any anti-porn cases that come before the court will stand a good chance of winning for the religious right agenda. This goes hand-in-hand with reproductive, women’s, and civil rights protections under the 14th Amendment,” says Angie Rowntree, founder of Sssh.com, the web’s first porn-for-women feminist site. “Considering that Supreme Court seats are ‘for life’ her religious/conservative agenda will push the U.S. back to 1960 for a generation in some societal and legal aspects. The TV show Mad Men is enjoyable to watch on television, but not to watch play out in the highest court in the land which affects the lives and rights of millions every day.” Adult model and content creator Bea York says she’s worried but still trying to be optimistic. “Here’s a person that might have the power to undo a lot of important things. As a woman, I’m most concerned with other women getting the help that they need, when they need it. After that, I worry about the impact of having someone on the Supreme Court that seems pretty far removed from the big issues that people are dealing with,” York muses.Having presided over 10,000 cases, Judge Herb Dodell, author of From the Trench to the Bench, understands the value of separation of church and state and the importance of it as a judge. He questions Barrett’s ability to disengage from her personal biases when deciding a case. “For the adult industry, her confirmation could have a substantial impact. For example, SESTA/FOSTA. That legislation will be before the Supreme Court. The whole subject of free speech versus prior restraint, including liability, especially concerning social media, will be dictated by the Supreme Court. My biggest concern was the equivalent of her saying she would not necessarily be bound by stare decisis (precedent). I would also be concerned about the lack of response regarding severability, which could lead to an all-or-nothing situation,” says Judge Dodell.“As judges, we are supposed to follow the law, whether we agree with it or not. I am not sure she can do that, given her strong views.”Read more at The Daily Beast.Get our top stories in your inbox every day. Sign up now!Daily Beast Membership: Beast Inside goes deeper on the stories that matter to you. Learn more.
The newsman cut off Lara Trump as she denied mocking Joe Biden's stutter but claimed the Democrat had a `'cognitive decline."
“Stick to your guns. Not always easy to be under fire but always easier than going against your own integrity," the former "Cheers" added.