Here's what you should know about talcum powder and talc products

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An new investigation by Health Canada has revealed some troubling results regarding talcum powder.

The government issued an announcement that talc and products containing talc could potentially cause ovarian cancer and lung damage.

The news is the latest in a nearly 40-year debate over the health risks associated with talcum powder and talc products.

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Previous evidence as well as the latest findings from Health Canada are now investigating whether asbestos-free talc is still carcinogenic in its own right. If Health Canada determines that talc is potentially toxic, it has stated that it will add the mineral to the Toxic Substances List.

What is talc? 

A naturally occurring mineral, talc is comprised of magnesium, silicon and oxygen. It’s often used in household and cosmetic products such as baby powder, diaper rash creams, face powders, bath bombs and genital antiperspirants and deodorants.

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When did we start using talcum powder?

In the 1800s, Johnson & Johnson was a medical product manufacturer, known for producing bandages and ointments. After the company received complaints that people were experiencing irritated skin because of their bandages, Johnson & Johnson’s scientific director, Fred Kilmer, began giving Italian talc to help soothe the irritation. The company learned that people had began using the talc for diaper rash, and in 1893 Johnson & Johnson moved to produce and market their own talcum powder en mass.

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Why is talc being linked to cancer?

In its natural state, talc can contain asbestos, which is a known carcinogen that has been linked to causing cancer.

Whether inhaled or used on areas of the body such as the genitals, under the breasts or under arms,  the body absorbs talc and its potential carcinogens into the lymph nodes which can lead to cancer.

Researchers first linked talc to cancer in the 1970s when doctors noticed talc particles in tumours of patients with ovarian cancer. In 1973 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) enforced standards to ensure that all talc products be tested to ensure they are asbestos-free.

Despite the new regulations, a 1982 study by Dr. Daniel Cramer revealed that women who used talcum powder products on their genitals had a 92 per cent increased risk of developing ovarian cancer.

Image via Getty Images.

Talcum powder lawsuits 

The Health Canada findings come just months after Johnson & Johnson was awarded to pay $4.7 billion USD in damages to 22 women and their families who claimed asbestos found in the company’s talcum powder contributed to their ovarian cancer.

In 2016, a separate lawsuit ended with the family of an Alabama woman receiving  $72 million USD after she died of ovarian cancer which they say was caused by using Johnson & Johnson products which contained talcum.

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The company has been sued by more than 9,000 women who link the use of talcum powder to their ovarian cancer, although Johnson & Johnson repeatedly denies the link.

What can you do? 

The American Cancer Society advises that people “avoid or limit” the use of talcum products whenever possible until further studies on the ingredient’s effects can be completed.

According to the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics, the regulations regarding cosmetic safety hasn’t been updated in more than 80 years, meaning makeup products aren’t held to the same government regulations as personal hygiene products or household items.

However, some cosmetics companies have taken it upon themselves to produce products that are completely talc free, including Smashbox, Honest Beauty, and bareMinerals.

Reading ingredients as well doing research on your go-to brands for household products, personal hygiene items and can help limit your exposure to talc.

If choosing to use talcum powder products, even those listed as asbestos-free talcum powder, do your best to avoid inhalation, keep out of reach from children and do not use on your genitals.

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